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The philosophy of biodynamic farming was developed by Rudolph Steiner in the early 1920s. Biodynamic agriculture is a method of organic farming that emphasizes the holistic development and interrelationships of the soil, plants and animals as a self-sustaining system. The Biodynamic approach also embraces the interrelationship between lunar and astrological influences on soil and plant development, for example, choosing to plant, cultivate or harvest various crops based on both the phase of the moon and the zodiacal constellation the moon is passing through.
Biodynamic viticulture is a compliment to organic viticulture. It is not a substitute; it works to build on the foundation created by organic taking it to a new level , adding on the energetic level as well as the physical level to make organic work more efficiently and effective. To define biodynamic viticulture as advanced organic viticulture would be incorrect but it certainly requires excellent organic agricultural practices to be in place before it can start to work.
In addition to the natural organic practices, additional biodynamic preparations and sprays numbering 500 – 508 are required in order to boost plant vitality and vigour. Certification to Biodynamic standards and requirements can be obtained.